Body weight and the knee joint

The IntroductionKnee Joint

Obesity and overweightness have long been known as risk factors for knee osteoarthritis and knee pain in general. Sadly as we age, even in masters athletes, the amount of body fat increases. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between body composition (e.g. fat mass, muscle mass) and knee structure, including knee cartilage volume, cartilage defects and bone marrow damage. This study showed that fat mass was associated with increased cartilage defects and bone marrow lesions which are features of early knee osteoarthritis. In contrast, skeletal muscle mass was positively associated with cartilage volume, a great thing for healthy knees.

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Does playing sport during younger adulthood protect us against cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis and muscle mass loss into older age?

The Introduction

Most people become less active as they age. This more sedentary lifestyle is associated with increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD), osteoporosis, and loss of muscle mass (sarcopenia). But what if we have been athletes in our younger age? Will that protect me from these lifestyle diseases?

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